On a recent post, we discussed the basics of the Incident Command System (ICS). This week we are building off of these ideas and seeing how a typical ICS structure may look for a corporation.
ICS enables integrated communication and planning by establishing a manageable span of control. ICS divides a company’s response into five (5) controllable functions essential for emergency response operations, Command, Operations, Planning, Logistics, and Finance and Administration. See figure below.
The ICS structure can be used in any organization and used anytime before, during or after an event (natural, man-made, technological) has occurred and needs to involve a coordinated response to resolve it. The Incident Commander heads the ICS organizational structure and will organize the rest of the functions based on ICS’s prearranged structure. The figure below builds on the previous structure and shows a typical ICS structure that is frequently used.
As stated above, the Incident Commander is responsible for the overall incident. The Incident Commander will establish command and stabilize the situation.
The Command Staff for a corporation would be a combination of the Incident Commander, Corporate Communications and Corporate Security officer. This group is responsible for public affairs, emergency liaison activities and security and safety within the incident command structure.
The General Staff includes Operations, Planning, Logistics, and Finance/Administrative responsibilities. A sample General Staff organizational chart for a Retail organization might look as follows:
“Money and Documentation”
Retail Store Ops
Event Doc Team
We hope this helps you in implementing ICS in your organization.